Bibliography

Primary Sources

 

Secondary Sources

 


Works by Mary Colum

1910s

“John Synge.” The Irish Review March 1911: 39-43.

Rev. of The Apostle, by George Moore. The Irish Review October 1911: 415-416.

“Strindberg in Dublin.” The Irish Review April 1913: 88-90.

“The Later Yeats.” Poetry February 1916: 258-265.

“The American Short Story.” Dial 19 April 1917: 345-347.

1920s

“A Woman of Some Importance.” Rev. of Margaret Asquith: An Autobiography. Freeman 23 February 1921: 572.

“The Quality of Mr. D. H. Lawrence.” Rev. of The Lost Girl, by D. H. Lawrence. Freeman 22 June 1921: 357-358.

“Mr. Tarkington and The Critics.” Rev. of Alice Adams, by Booth Tarkington. Freeman 28 September 1921: 66-67.

“Literature and Journalism.”  Rev. of The Triumph of the Egg, by Sherwood Anderson; Erik Dorn, by Ben Hecht. Freeman 30 November 1921: 281-282.

“John Dryden, Revidivus.” Rev. of The Poetry of John Dryden, by Mark Van Doren. Freeman 25 January 1922: 475-476.

“Three Novels.” Rev. of The Beginning of Wisdom, by Stephen Vincent Benet; Brass, by Charles Norris; To Let, by John Galsworthy. Freeman 8 March 1922: 618-620.

“Certificated, Mostly.” Rev. of The Beautiful and the Damned, by F. Scott Fitzgerald; The Briary Bush, by Floyd Dell; Rahab, by Waldo Frank. Freeman 26 April 1922: 162-164.

“Confessions of James Joyce.” Rev. of Ulysses, by James Joyce. Freeman 19 July 1922: 450-452.

“Two Irish Storytellers.” Rev. of Vocations, by Gerald O’Donovan; The Hounds of Banba, by Daniel Corkery. Freeman 2 August 1922: 497-499.

“Modernists.” Literary Review 6 January 1923: 361-362.

“In the Great Tradition.” Rev. of Mortal Coils, by Aldous Huxley. Freeman 24 January 1923: 474-475.

“Three Women Novelists.” Rev. of The Judge, by Rebecca West; One of Ours, by Willa Cather; Anne Severn and the Fieldings, by May Sinclair. Freeman 18 April 1923: 138-140.

“Prophet of Main Street.” Literary Review 7 July 1923: 809-810.

“The Reviewer Looks at the Doctor.” Rev. of The Doctor Looks at Literature, by Joseph Collins. Freeman 15 August 1923: 549-550.

“Where Realism Ends.” Freeman 26 September 1923: 56-58.

“The Moderns.” Rev. of City Block, by Waldo Frank. Freeman 17 October 1923: 139-141.

“An American Critic: Van Wyck Brooks.” Dial January 1924: 33-41.

“Letter from Ireland.” Saturday Review of Literature 18 October 1924: 214.

“New Worlds and Old.” Rev. of The Great World, by Ford Madox Ford; No More Parades, by a Gentleman with a Duster. Saturday Review of Literature 30 January 1926: 523.

“A Critical Credo.” Scribner’s April 1926: 387-392.

“Stuart P. Sherman.” Saturday Review of Literature 26 June 1926: 881-882. Reprinted in American Criticism 1926, ed. William. A. Drake. NY: Books for Libraries Pr., 1926, 1967: 26-45.

“Mr. Well’s Emporium.” Rev. of The World of William Clissold, by H. G. Wells. Saturday Review of Literature 13 November 1926: 289.

“Portrait of a Philosopher.” New Republic 16 February 1927: 352-355.

“Emerson and the Literary Life in America.” Rev. of Emerson and Others, by Van Wyck Brooks. Herald Tribune Books 10 April 1927: 1.

“Literature, Criticism, and Psycho-Analysis.” Rev. of Messages, by Ramon Fernandez. Herald Tribune Books 24 April 1927: 1.

“Bohemia in London.” New Republic 2 May 1928: 315-318.

“Woman as Artist.” Rev. of To the Lighthouse, by Virginia Woolf. Herald Tribune Books 8 May 1927: 1.

“Some American Criticism.” Rev. of Contemporary American Authors, by J. C. Squire; Spokesmen, by T. K. Whipple; Destinations, by Gorham Munson. Saturday Review of Literature 30 June 1928: 997+.

“Explorers of the Mind.” Herald Tribune Books 29 July 1928: 1.

“Genius to Squander.” Rev. of The Life and Private History of Emily Jane Brontë, by Romer Wilson, Saturday Review of Literature 1 September 1928: 81+.

“First of the Moderns.” Rev. of Goethe: The History of a Man, by Emil Ludwig. Saturday Review of Literature 5 January 1929: 565.

“In Memory of Elinor Wylie.” New Republic 6 February 1929: 317-319.

“House of Her Fathers.” Scribner’s 26 March 1929: 315-326.

“O Virtuous Light!” Rev. of Angels and Earthly Creatures, by Elinor Wylie. Saturday Review of Literature 25 May 1929: 1043.

“Towards the Restoration of the Intelligence.” Rev. of Three Reformers: Luther, Descartes, Rousseau, by Jacques Maritain. Herald Tribune Books 19 May 1929: 1.

“The Changing Novel.” Saturday Review of Literature 1 June 1929: 1070.

1930s

“Self-Critical America.” Scribner’s February 1930: 197-206.

Rev. of Three Women: St. Teresa, Madame de Choiseul, Mrs. Eddy, by H. E. Wortham. Saturday Review of Literature 22 February 1930: 761.

“Debating Humanism.” Saturday Review of Literature 24 May 1930: 1063.

“Literature, Ethics, and the Knights of Good Sense.” Scribner’s June 1930: 599-608.

“The Impulse to Biography.” Rev. of Joseph Fouche, by Stefan Zweig. Herald Tribune Books 10 August 1930: 1.

“Jonathan Swift.” Rev. of Swift, by Carl Van Doren. Saturday Review of Literature 22 November 1930: 357-359.

“Once Again, Humanism.” Rev. of Towards Standards, by Norman Foerster; The Dilemma of the Liberated, by Gorham Munson. Herald Tribune Books 28 December 1930: 1.

“Utopian Peacemakers.” New Republic 30 December 1931: 184-186.

“Great Apostle of Nature.” Rev. of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, by Matthew Josephson. Herald Tribune Books 24 January 1932: 1.

“Mary Wollstonecraft.” Rev. of Mary Wollstonecraft, by H. R. James. Nation 15 February 1933: 183-185.

“The Need for an Élite.” Forum October 1933: 209-213.

“How Trivial Are Modern Books?” Forum November 1933: 265-269.

“The American Mind in Literature.” Forum December 1933: 330-334.

“The Two Consciences.” Yale Review 23 December 1933: 363-370.

“One Foot on Shore.” Scribner’s January 1934: 37-42.

“Poets and Dictators.” Forum January 1934: 8-12.

“On Thinking Critically.” Forum February 1934: 76-82.

“Marxism and Literature.” Forum March 1934: 145-149.

“The Psychopathic Novel.” Forum April 1934: 219-223.

“What Is Poetry?” Forum June 1934: 335-339.

“High Hat Poetry.” Saturday Review of Literature 30 June 1934: 788.

“The Woman-Artist.” Forum October 1934: 212-216.

“Among the Younger Writers.” Forum November 1934: 276-280.

“The Gates of Paradise: A Parable.” Forum December 1934: 343.

“Writers and Human Rights.” Forum January 1935: 19-24.

“Personality and Autobiography.” Forum February 1935: 83-87.

“The Preparation for Life.” Forum March 1935: 151-155.

“Spring Books in Review.” Forum April 1935: 218-223.

“Poets and Their Problems.” Forum June 1935: 343-347.

“A. E.” Saturday Review of Literature 27 July 1935: 11+.

“The War on Literature.” Forum October 1935: 208-211.

“Fall Books.” Forum November 1935: 276-282.

“Literature and the Social Left.” Rev. of Proletarian Literature in the United States, by Granville Hickes et al.; The American Writers’ Congress, by Henry Hart. Saturday Review of Literature 2 November 1935: 3.

“Ballad of the Lone Woman.” Scribner’s December 1935: 341.

“Short Stories and Plays.” Forum December 1935: 354-359.

“Masters of Men.” Forum January 1936: 34-39.

“The Literary Life.” Forum February 1936: 98-103.

“A Meager Legend.” Scribner’s March 1936: 161-163.

“Best Sellers, 1935.” Forum March 1936: iv+.

“Philosophy, Sport, and Poetry.” Forum April 1936: 226-231.

“The Colleges and Literature.” Forum May 1936: 290-294.

“Baudelaire in English.” Rev. of Flowers of Evil, tr. George Dillon and Edna St. Vincent Millay. Saturday Review of Literature 4 April 1936: 15.

“Revival in the Theatre.” Forum June 1936: 344-349.

“Spook Writing.” Saturday Review of Literature 5 September 1936: 9.

“Literature of Today and Tomorrow.” Part I. Scribner’s October 1936: 66-69.

—. Part II. Scribner’s December 1936: 98-106.

“Studies of the American Mind.” Forum October 1936: 171-176.

“The Solitary Life.” Forum November 1936: 219-224.

“The Music of the Thing that Happens.” Forum December 1936: 273-278.

“The Book Forum.” Forum January, February, March, April, May, 1937: iv+.

“Fiction and Fact.” Forum January 1937: 33-38.

“The Common Desire to Create.” Forum February 1937: 96-101.

“War and Other Insanities.” Forum March 1937: 159-164.

“Behold the Republic.” Forum April 1937: 230-235.

“The Drama.” Forum June 1937: 252-257.

“Mallarmé.” Forum July 1937: 48.

“Art, Etiquette and Life.” Forum November 1937: 243-247.

“Mundane and Extramundane Worlds.” Forum December 1937: 310-314.

From These Roots: The Ideas That Made Modern Literature. New York: Scribner’s, 1937. Reprinted New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1944.

“Necessary and Unnecessary Writing.” Forum January 1938: 20-25.

“Language, Art, and War.” Forum February 1938: 82-87.

“Philosophies of Human Experience.” Forum March 1938: 142-147.

“The Individual vs. Society.” Forum April 1938: 212-217.

“Doers and Thinkers.” Forum May 1938: 278-283.

“In Favor of Best Sellers.” Forum October 1938: 162-167.

“Are Women Outsiders?” Forum November 1938: 222-227.

“The Contemporary Conflict.” Forum December 1938: 298-302.

“Christianity and Civilization.” Forum January 1939: 26-31.

“Memories of Yeats.” Saturday Review of Literature 25 February 1939: 3+.

“The Season’s Novels.” Forum February 1939: 74-79.

“The Professorial Mind.” Forum March 1939: 138-143.

“Artists and Tradesmen of Letters.” Forum April 1939: 210-215.

“Men of Dream and Men of Action.” Forum May 1939: 266-273.

“The Old and the New.” Forum October 1939: 158-163.

“The Artist and His Material.” Forum November 1939: 226-231.

“Literary Pioneers and Re-creators.” Forum December 1939: 258-263.

1940s

“Freedom Depends on Culture.” Forum January 1940: 18-23.

“The Group Mind and the Individual.” Forum February 1940: 74-80.

“Experiment and Evaluation.” Forum March 1940: 130-134.

“Understanding the Art of Literature.” Forum April 1940: 194-199.

“Portrait of the Artist.” Rev. of James Joyce, by Herbert Gorman. Saturday Review of Literature 16 May 1940: 10+.

“The Power of the Idea.” Forum May 1940: 258-263.

“Poets and Psychologists.” Forum June 1940: 322-326.

“The Double Men of Criticism.” American Mercury June 1941: 762-768.

“Fortunes and History.” American Mercury July 1941: 115-121.

“Life in Recent Fiction.” American Mercury August 1941: 239-245.

“Poetry and the Common Reader.” American Mercury September 1941: 371-377.

“Sane Books in an Insane World.” American Mercury October 1941: 499-504.

“Critics and History.” American Mercury November 1941: 627-632.

“The Viking Book of English Verse.” Rev. of The Viking Book of Poetry of the English Speaking World, ed. Richard Aldington. New York Times Book Review 30 November 1941: 5.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of The Poem of Bunker Hill, by Harry Brown; Shenandoah, by Delmore Schwartz; Poems and New Poems, by Louise Bogan; What Are the Years, by Marianne Moore; Faust, Parts One and Two, tr., ed. George Priest. New York Times Book Review 30 November 1941: 20.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of The North Star and Other Poems, by Laurence Binyon; Collected Poems, Walter de 1a Mare; Guatama the Enlightened and Other Verses, by John Masefield; Selected Poems, by George Barker. New York Times Book Review 21 December 1941: 5.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of Calendar, An Anthology of 1941 Poetry; 55 Poems, by Louis Zukofsky; Reading Poems, ed. Wright Thomas and Stuart Gerry Brown; Hawk’s Way, by Ted Olson. New York Times Book Review 11 January 1942: 5.

“The New Book~ of Poetry.” Rev. of The Complete Poems of Emily Jane Brontë, ed. C. W. Hatfield; Vermont Chapbook and Orpheus and the Moon Craters, by Cedric Whitman; An Anthology of Pulitzer Prize Poems, comp. by Marjorie Barrows. New York Times Book Review 25 January 1942: 9.

“James Joyce.” Commonweal 13 March 1942: 510-511.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of The Language of Poetry, by Phillip Wheelwright, Cleanth Brooks, et al.; Shakespeare in Harlem, by Langston Hughes; Poems, by H. P. Dixon; Awake and Other Wartime Poems. by W. K. Rodgers. New York Times Book Review 22 March 1942: 9.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of There Will be Bread and Love, by Robert P. Tristram; Elbow Room, by Oliver St. John Gogarty; Benedict Arnold, A Drama in Heroic Couplets, by Richard L. Stokes. New York Times Book Review 12 April 1942: 5.

“The Poet and His Livelihood.” Saturday Review of Literature 25 April 1942: 5.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of A Witness Tree, by Robert Frost; New Poems 1942, ed. Oscar Williams. New York Times Book Review 3 May 1942.

“Mrs. Bowen’s Court.” Rev. of Bowen’s Court, by Elizabeth Bowen. Saturday Review of Literature 5 September 1942: 3.

“Do We Learn From History?” Saturday Review of Literature 25 September 1942: 3.

“Heir to Tradition and Free to Experiment.” Rev. of The Death of the Moth and Other Essays, by Virginia Woolf; Virginia Woolf, by E. M. Forster. Herald Tribune Books 4 October 1942: 3.

“Stephen Benét’s Work in ‘All-Embracingly American.’” Rev. of Selected Works of Stephen Vincent Benét, New York Times Book Review 11 October 1942: 4.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of A Treasure of Great Poems, English & American, by Louis Untermeyer; Blood for a Stranger, by Randall Jarrell; Country Poems, by Elizabeth Coatsworth. New York Times Book Review 1 November 1942: 8.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of Note Books of the Night, by Edmund Wilson; Parts of a World, by Wallace Stevens; Sonnets to Orpheus, by Rainer Maria Rilke; Goethe’s Faust, tr. Carlyle F. MacIntyre. New York Times Book Review 29 November 1942: 12.

“Yeats: He Lived a Full Life.” Rev. of W.B. Yeats, 1865-1939, by Joseph Hone. New York Times Book Review 7 February 1943: 1.

“The New Books of Poetry.” Rev. of The Last Poems of Elinor Wylie; Stefan George: Poems Rendered Into English, by Carol North Valhope and Ernest Morwitz. New York Times Book Review 14 March 1943: 20.

“Sinclair Lewis’s New Thesis Novel.” Rev. of Cass Timberlane, by Sinclair Lewis. Saturday Review of Literature 6 October 1945: 8-9.

“The Evolution of a System of Mythology.” Rev. of William Blake: The Politics of Vision, by Mark Schorer. Herald Tribune Books 6 October 1946: 5.

“W. B. Yeats’ Limberness and Grace.” Rev. of J. B. Yeats: Letters To His Son, W. B. Yeats and Others, 1869-1922, ed. Joseph Hone. Saturday Review of Literature 9 November 1946: 16-17.

Life and the Dream. New York: Doubleday, 1947.

Rev. of A World of Horses, by James Reynolds. The New York Sun 3 December 1947.

“Dostoievksy—Russia in Miniature.” Rev. of The Diary of a Writer, by F. M. Dostoievksy, tr. Boris Brasol. Saturday Review of Literature 28 May 1949: 11-12.

1950s

“To a Yeatsian Urn.” Rev. of The Golden Nightingale, by Donald A. Stauffer; W. B. Yeats, Man and Poet, by A. Norman Jeffares. Saturday Review of Literature 28 January 1950: 14-16.

“A Little Knowledge of Joyce.” Saturday Review of Literature 29 April 1950: 10-12.

“Edna Millay and Her Time.” New Republic 12 March 1951: 17-18.

“This Poet was often ‘fighting mad’: a new study of the many influences that shaped the ideas of W. B. Yeats.” Rev. of The Lonely Tower: Studies in the Poetry of W. B. Yeats, by T. R. Henn. New York Times Book Review 10 February 1952: 1.

“France’s Only Epic.” Rev. of The Fables of La Fontaine, tr. Marianne Moore. Saturday Review of Literature 24 July 1954: 16.

“The Modern Mode in Literature.” The Writer and his Craft: The Hopwood Lectures 1932-1952. Ed. Roy W. Cowden. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1954. 158-172.

“The Flowers Transplanted.” Rev. of The Flowers of Evil, by Charles Baudelaire, ed. Martheal and Jackson Matthews; The Flowers of Evil, tr. William Aggeler. New York Times Book Review 7 August 1955: 1.

“James Joyce’s Home Town.” Rev. of Dublin’s Joyce, by Hugh Kenner. Saturday Review of Literature 30 June 1956: 18.

“Maker of a Nation.” Rev. of De Valera and the March of a Nation, by Mary M. Bromage. Saturday Review of Literature 2 March 1957: 21+.

“Q and A for Jews.” Rev. of Questions Jews Ask: Reconstructionist Answers, by Mordecai Kaplan. Saturday Review of Literature 9 March 1957: 37+.

Our Friend James Joyce. New York: Doubleday, 1958.
**The selections in this work that are attributed to Mary Colum are excerpted from Life and the Dream. The only new material the 1957 memoir offers is from the perspective of her husband, Padraic, since Mary died during its composition.**

 


Works on Mary Colum

Contemporary Reviews

Adams, Donald. “The Ideas That Have Made Modern Literature: Mrs. Colum, in ‘From These Roots,’ Stresses the High Function of Creative Criticism.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. New York Times 19 December 1937: 90.

Benét, William Rose. “A Colum as Columnist.” The Saturday Review of Literature 28 October 1933: 221.

Brooks, Cleanth. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Sewanee Review 1 January 1946: 334.

Burgum, Edwin Berry. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. Modern Language Quarterly 1 January 1945: 503.

Clarke, Austin. “The Crowded Hours.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. The Irish Times 25 October 1947: 6.

Doren, Carl Van, “The Rich Life and World of Mary Colum: A Chronicle of an Individual Irish Woman’s Contribution to Americans Intellectual Life.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. New York Herald Tribune 23 March 1947: E3.

Flynn, John M. “Treasurable Memories of Mary Colum.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. Chicago Daily Tribune 30 March 1947: B5.

Gannett, Lewis. “Books and Things.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. New York Herald Tribune 24 December 1937: 11.

Gannett, Lewis. “Books and Things.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. New York Herald Tribune 24 March 1947: 19.

Jones, Howard Mumford. “The Growth of Literary Ideas.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Saturday Review of Literature 15 November 1937: 6.

Kitchin, George. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Modern Language Review 1 January 1946: 331.

Kunitz, Stanley J. “The Single Conscience: ‘From These Roots,’ by Mary M. Colum.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. Modern Poetry Association 1 April 1938: 86.

Maher, Mary. “Poet’s Ride Remembers.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. The Irish Times 27 June 1966: 7.

“Mary Colum Dies; A Literary Critic: Irish Writer Succumbs While at Work on Book on Joyce with Husband, Padraic.” New York Times 23 October 1957: 33.

“Mary Colum, Poet’s Wife.” The Washington Post and Times Herald 24 October 1957: C2.

“Mary Gunning Colum Dies: Author, Critic and Lecturer.” New York Herald Tribune 23 October 1957: 18.

Millett, Fred B. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. American Literature 1 January 1938: 366-368.

Montague, John. “Daughters of the Twilight.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum and Two Flamboyant Fathers, by Nicolette Devas. The Guardian 30 December 1966.

Muller, Herbert J. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Southern Review 1 January 1938: 187.

“Obituary: Mrs. Mary Colum.” The Irish Times 24 October 1957: 7.

Phelps, William Lyon. “Lessing’s Influence.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Washington Post 20 December 1937: 9.

Poore, Charles. “Books of the Times.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. New York Times 20 March 1947: 25.

Raine, K.J. Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. The Criterion 1 January 1939: 359.

Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. BLM: Litterära Magasin 1 January 1947: V.

Seldes, Gilbert. “The Book Forum.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. Forum and Century January 1938: IV.

Sweeney, James Johnson. “Memoirs of a Dublin Litterateur.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum. New York Times 23 March 1947: BR 3.

Thompson, Ralph. “Book of the Times.” Review of From These Roots, by Mary M. Colum. New York Times 23 December 1937: 19.

“Two Irish Ladies.” Review of Life and the Dream, by Mary M. Colum and Lady Gregory’s Journals, edited by Lennox Robinson. Daily Boston Globe 27 March 1947: 15.

West, Rebecca. “The Long Chain of Criticism.” The Herald Tribune Books 5 December 1926: 1.

Scholarship

Ayo, Denise. “Mary Colum, Modernism, and Mass Media: An Irish-Inflected Transatlantic Print Culture,” Journal of Modern Literature 35.4 (2012): 107-29.

Gupta, Suman. “Knowing Joyce and Understanding Ulysses: Mary and Padraic Colum.” In-Between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 2.2 (1993): 149-156.

Napier, Taura. “Critic as Artist: Mary Colum and the Ideals of Literary Expression.” The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies 19.1 (1993): 54-66.

Napier, Taura. “Mosaic ‘I’: Mary Colum and Modern Irish Autobiography.” Irish University Review: A Journal of Irish Studies 28.1 (1998): 37-55.

Rimo, Patricia Ann. “Mary Colum: Woman of Letters.” Diss. University of Delaware, 1982.

—. “Mollie Colum and Her Circle.” Irish Literary Supplement 4.1 (Fall 1985): 26-7.

Sternlicht, Sanford. “Declaration of Independence: Mary Colum as Autobiographer.” Syracuse University Library Associates Courier 32 (1997): 25-33.

Images


From Left to Right:

“Mary M. Colum.” c. 1930. John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Web. 19 June 2013.

Russell, George William (AE). “Mary Colum.” 1929. New York Times 23 March 1947.

“Mary Colum.” 1947. New York Times 23 October 1957.

“Mary Colum.” n.d. New York Herald Tribune 19 December 1937.

McIntosh, Hal. “Mary Colum.” 1947. The Saturday Review of Literature 22 March 1947.

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